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Laxmi Prashad Devkota

Laxmi Prashad Devkota

Maha Kabi

Background of Laxmi Prasad Devkota

Laxmi Prasad Devkota is considered as one of the greatest poets of all time in Nepali literature. Born in 1909 in the mountainous village of Mangalbare in Nepal, Devkota grew up surrounded by the rich cultural heritage of his country. From a young age, he showed an immense talent for writing, and by the time he was in his 20s, he had already established himself as one of the leading literary figures in Nepal.

Table of Content

  1. Introduction
    • Background and context
    • About the author
    • Summary of the story
  2. Chapter 1: Muna and Madan
    • Description of the characters
    • The family background and situation
    • The departure of Madan for Lhasa
  3. Chapter 2: Muna’s Struggle
    • Muna’s determination to support her family
    • The challenges she faces as a single mother
    • Her hard work and sacrifice
  4. Chapter 3: Madan’s Journey
    • Madan’s journey to Lhasa
    • His experiences on the way
    • His arrival and initial struggles in Lhasa
  5. Chapter 4: Muna’s Love
    • Muna’s love and devotion for Madan
    • Her feelings of loneliness and longing
    • Her hopes for Madan’s return
  6. Chapter 5: Madan’s Success
    • Madan’s success in Lhasa
    • His growing wealth and influence
    • His friendship with a Chinese merchant
  7. Chapter 6: Muna’s Tragedy
    • Muna’s illness and deteriorating condition
    • Her final message to Madan
    • Her death and funeral
  8. Chapter 7: Madan’s Return
    • Madan’s return to Nepal
    • His shock at Muna’s death
    • His guilt and regret
  9. Chapter 8: Madan’s Redemption
    • Madan’s efforts to make amends
    • His realization of the importance of family and love
    • His final resolution
  10. Conclusion
    • Reflections on the story and its themes
    • Relevance of the story today
    • Final thoughts and recommendations.

In this book, the author has interpreted the epic love story of the character Muna and Madan. This is one of the most selling Nepali books of all time in Nepal. The author shows the love between them after the distance between them because of foreign employment in which Madan has gone to the foreign country of Job with his friends and he was left dead on the way by his friends.

This is one of the very best books of Laxmi Prasad Devkota because he told us before his death that you can burn all of his creation after his death but leave this book. So this is the evergreen book of all time.

In Short

This is a story of a middle-class family of Nepal, where there are 3 main characters in this story. In that family, there are Son named Madan, his wife Muna, and his Mother. They all belong to village family and they had some loans on their head. One day, the Son decided to go to a place called Lasha to earn some money, make his family out of loans, and buy some golden Jewels for his wife and make his family happy in the future.

So, he has decided to go to Lasha with his friends. Muna tries to stop him and tell him “Wealth is not everything, we are happy by eating what we have and where we are”, but also he did not listen to Muna and goes with his friends. He knows that Lasha has lots of gold and ready to travel behind the mountains.

He has spent lots of months in Lasha and after some time he wants to came back with some golds with him. He was coming from Lasha with his friends and got ill with a disease called Haiza, now he cannot walk and his friends leave him there. A bhotte of that place finds him and cared for him and he will be fine after some time. Then Madan wants to give the gold to that Bhotte but that Bhotte denies to take that Gold instead he will ask for a blessing from his mother. After being cured, Madan goes back to his own village and family. When he reaches there, he finds his mother and his wife were died due to the Death News of Madan, which was told by the Madan’s friends.


Chapter 1: Muna and Madan This chapter introduces the main characters of the story, Muna and Madan. It describes their family background and situation, and the departure of Madan for Lhasa, leaving Muna and their family behind.

Chapter 2: Muna’s Struggle This chapter focuses on Muna’s determination to support her family in Madan’s absence. It explores the challenges she faces as a single mother, including financial struggles and societal expectations. The chapter highlights Muna’s hard work and sacrifice.

Chapter 3: Madan’s Journey In this chapter, the story shifts to Madan’s journey to Lhasa. It describes his experiences on the way and his arrival in Lhasa, as well as his initial struggles in the new environment.

Chapter 4: Muna’s Love Chapter 4 explores Muna’s love and devotion for Madan. It highlights her feelings of loneliness and longing for her husband’s return. The chapter also touches on her hopes for Madan’s success in Lhasa.

Chapter 5: Madan’s Success This chapter focuses on Madan’s success in Lhasa. It describes his growing wealth and influence, as well as his friendship with a Chinese merchant.

Chapter 6: Muna’s Tragedy Chapter 6 is a tragic one that explores Muna’s illness and deteriorating condition. It highlights her final message to Madan and her eventual death and funeral.

Chapter 7: Madan’s Return This chapter marks Madan’s return to Nepal. It describes his shock at Muna’s death and his guilt and regret over leaving his family behind.

Chapter 8: Madan’s Redemption In the final chapter, Madan makes efforts to make amends for his mistakes. He realizes the importance of family and love, and the chapter concludes with his final resolution.

The book is a tragic story of love, loss, sacrifice, and redemption. It explores themes such as family values, societal expectations, and the consequences of one’s choices. The story is timeless and continues to resonate with readers today.

Overview of “Muna Madan”

“Muna Madan” is a long narrative poem that tells the story of a young man named Muna Madan who is forced to leave his home in search of work. The poem is written in traditional Nepali verse form and is rich in cultural and historical references. Through the journey of Muna Madan, the poem explores themes of love, loss, sacrifice, and the human condition. The poem is widely considered to be Devkota’s masterpiece and is one of the most popular works in Nepali literature.

Themes in “Muna Madan”

One of the central themes in “Muna Madan” is the idea of sacrifice. Muna Madan leaves his home and loved ones behind in search of work, sacrificing his own happiness for the sake of his family. This theme is central to the Nepali cultural identity, as sacrifice is seen as a necessary aspect of life. Through Muna Madan’s journey, the poem highlights the importance of sacrifice in the face of adversity and the strength that it can bring to those who make it.

Another important theme in “Muna Madan” is love. The love between Muna Madan and his wife, Jivana, is one of the central relationships in the poem. Their love is portrayed as a symbol of hope and perseverance, even in the face of great hardship. Through their relationship, the poem explores the idea that love can conquer all and can provide the strength needed to overcome even the greatest obstacles.

Style of “Muna Madan”

The style of “Muna Madan” is characterized by its traditional Nepali verse form, rich cultural references, and its use of imagery and metaphor. Devkota’s mastery of the Nepali language is evident in the intricate wordplay and lyrical prose that pervade the poem. The use of imagery and metaphor serve to heighten the emotional impact of the poem, allowing the reader to fully immerse themselves in the world of Muna Madan.

Impact of “Muna Madan” on Nepali Literature

“Muna Madan” has had a profound impact on Nepali literature, serving as a benchmark for subsequent generations of writers. The poem’s themes of sacrifice and love have been widely adopted by other writers and continue to influence contemporary Nepali literature. In addition, the poem’s style and use of traditional Nepali verse form have inspired a new generation of poets to explore their own cultural heritage and traditions.


“Muna Madan” by Laxmi Prasad Devkota is a truly exceptional work of Nepali literature that has had a lasting impact on the literary world. The themes of sacrifice and love, as well as the intricate style and use of traditional Nepali verse form, make this poem a must-read for anyone interested in the rich cultural heritage of Nepal.

With its deep cultural references and powerful themes, “Muna Madan” has rightfully earned its place as one of the most beloved and cherished works in Nepali literature. Whether you are a long-time fan or are just discovering the world of “Muna Madan” for the first time, this epic poem is sure to leave a lasting impression on you. So if you’re looking for a rich, meaningful and thought-provoking read, “Muna Madan” is the book for you!